Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Sand


Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Sand

Aquatische Biotechnologie
Biofilm Centre
Fakultät für Chemie
Universität Duisburg-Essen
Universitätsstraße 5
DE - 45141 Essen


Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Sand


Diplom-Biologe, 1976, Universität Hamburg

Dr. rer. nat., 1981, Universität Hamburg

Privatdozent, 1994, Universität Hamburg

Professor, 2004, Universität Duisburg-Essen


Universität Hamburg, scientific employee, Department of Microbiology, 1979 – 2004

Universität Duisburg-Essen, professor since 2004


(I) MAIN FIELD: Microbiology

(II) OTHER FIELDS: Biochemistry, Ecology, Biotechnology

(III) CURRENT RESEARCH INTERESTS: Biochemistry and ecology of sulfur/iron/manganese/nitrogen compound metabolism / degraders, bioleaching and biocorrosion of metals, biodeterioration mechanisms, biofilm /biofouling ecology and chemistry


Chair of the working group "Biodeterioration of materials and methods for protection" by DECHEMA e.V. since 1990

Chair of the working group "Biocorrosion" of Gesellschaft für Korrosionsschutz, Frankfurt am Main

Vice-chair of the COST 511-action "Interactions of microorganisms with industrial materials" (1991 till 1997)

Chair of the COST 520-action "Biofouling and materials" (1998 till 2002)

Chair of the COST D33-action "Nanoscale Electrochemical and Bioprocesses (Corrosion) at Solid-aqueous Interfaces of Industrial Materials" (2005 till 2009)

German Delegate at European Federation of Corrosion Societies (1991 till 2003 and again since 2013)

German delegate at IAEA (International Atomic Energy Commission, Vienna) for drafting "Technical Document: Remediation of sites with low levels of disperse radioactive contamination"

Member in the "Fachgruppe Geobiotechnologie" at DECHEMA e.V.

Member of the editorial board of the journals "International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation" by Elsevier, "Engineering in Life Sciences (formerly Acta Biotechnologica)" by Wiley-VCH, "Geomicrobiology Journal" by Taylor & Francis, "Biofouling" by Taylor &Francis (2008 till 2011)

Guestprofessor at Central South University in Changsha, China, 2011 till 2016

Honorary Professor at Northeastern University in Shenyang, China, 2014

"Excellent Foreign Teacher" at Shanghai Institute of Technology SIT in Shanghai, China, 2013/2014

Guestprofessor at Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina

Guestprofessor at Universitatea de Nord, Baia Mare, Romania (2000 + 2001)


BMBF (Federal Minister for Education, Science, Research, and Technology)


BMWI (Federal Minister for Economy) / AIF via DECHEMA e.V.

DBU Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt

European Union Framework Programs (4th, 6th and 7th)

European Union for Coal and Steel / Krupp Hoesch Stahl AG

FH Hamburg, Umweltbehörde (Environmental authority)

Industry (small and medium enterprises)

Total value of all grants till today: approx. 6.2 million Euro


VAAM (Vereinigung für Allgemeine und Angewandte Mikrobiologie), Germany

DECHEMA e.V., Fachsektion Biotechnologie, Germany

GfK (Gesellschaft für Korrosionsschutz e.V.), Germany

IBS (International Biodeterioration Society), England

ASM (American Society for Microbiology), USA

IMWA (International Mine Water Association), USA




with more than 20 keynote presentations


Microbiological degradation of materials - and methods of protection, European Federation of Corrosion Publication No.9, E. Heitz, A. D. Mercer, W. Sand, A. K. Tiller (eds.), The Institute of Materials, London, Great Britain, 1992.

Microbially influenced corrosion of materials, E. Heitz, H.-C. Flemming, W. Sand (eds.), Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, 1996.

Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, W. Sand, DECHEMA-Monographie 133, VCH Weinheim, Germany, 1996

Microbial Processing of Metal Sulfides, E. R. Donati, W. Sand, 2007, Springer, Dordrecht

Biohydrometallurgy: From the single cell to the environment; Proceedings of the 17th International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, A. Schippers, W. Sand, F. Glombitza, S. Willscher, 2007, Trans Tech Publications, Stafa-Zurich

Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology – Geobiotechnology. A. Schippers, F. Glombitza, W. Sand (2013 in preparation), Springer, Berlin

Geobiotechnologie - Stand und Perspektiven 2013, Statuspapier der DECHEMA e.V., Frankfurt


Zubereitung zur Verhinderung der biogenen Zerstörung von Baumaterialien bzw. Verwendung dieser zur Verhinderung biogener H2SO4 Korrosion von Bauteilen

E. Bock, T. Emmel, W. Beilfuß, W. Sand, H. Brill,K.-H. Diehl (1992)

Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Deutsches Patentamt, Offenlegungsschrift DE 41 22 962 A1, C04 B41/62, Bundesdruckerei


Teaching courses and lectures in biocorrosion, geomicrobiology, microbial physiology, and general microbiology in German and English for undergraduate and graduate students

PhD theses, own supervision: 10

PhD theses, evaluation for abroad: 16

own Diplom-, BSc- and MSc-theses: 60

Referee for Foreign Research Fund Applications: 19

Chairman of International Conferences: 5

Session chair etc.: > 50